In a paper recently published, Lenoble et al. report on fossil specimens of Amphibulima patula found on Guadeloupe and neighbouring islands.
“Amphibulima patula (Bruguière, 1789) is a rare native terrestrial mollusc from Guadeloupe. The past distribution of this species, assessed by shells collected from archaeological sites, natural deposits or surface surveys, shows it previously had a wider distribution that extended across all the limestone islands of the Guadeloupe archipelago. Stratigraphical contexts and radiocarbon data suggest that the presence or abundance of A. patula is related to periods of wetter environmental or climatic conditions, indicating that environmental factors influenced past variations in the distribution of this species. Its limitation to rare ecological refuges in periods of dry climatic conditions, combined with human-induced landscape modifications, have led to significant reductions in the numbers of individuals of this species that is today threatened with extinction in the Guadeloupe Islands”.
This is an interesting paper as it gives for the first time detailed radiocarbon data on this species, revealing the age of the fossils. The shells shown reveal an interesting variation. The paper contains also interesting information on ecological conditions and suggesting evidence for its former wider distribution.
Lenoble, A. et al., 2018. Quartenary occurrence of the rare land snail Amphibulima patula (Bruguière, 1789) in Guadeloupe (Mollusca: Amphibulimidae): ecological and palaeoenvironmental implications. – Quartenaire, 29 (2): 121-130.