Tag Archives: cerionidae

Narrow-range Cerion from Cuba

Freshly pressed…. In the latest number of The Festivus that I found this morning in our library, González et al. have a paper on Cerion from Cuba. “The exceedingly polytypical genus Cerion (Röding, 1798), with around 91-92 species described for Cuba is still poorly studied. The urgent need of more studies related to ecology, genetics, environmental components, morphology, conservation status plus a serious taxonomic evaluation of the genus in the archipelago is more than evident. The present paper reviews the narrow-range Cerion taxa that occur in the coastal zone of the Holguin province, in northeastern Cuba, including comments on each taxa. Additional observations related to other taxa from the same geographic coastline area are included to reinforce the importance of further research studies that the authors believe need to be conducted”.


The paper comprises data on 15 taxa (species or subspecies) with adequate (although somewhat darkish) photographs of each taxon, and two plates which facilitate comparisons.

González, A., Fernández, A., Lajonchere, L.A. & Berschauer, D.P., 2017. Narrow-range taxa of Cerion (Mollusca: Cerionidae) in the northeastern province of Cuba. – The Festivus, 49 (1): 3–17.

Cerion genomics

Harasewych and his team have focused on different aspects of the Cerionidae, but have now added a phylogenetic paper with state-of-the-art technique. “The complete mitochondrial genome of the neotype of Cerion incanum (Leidy, 1851) was sequenced using high-throughput sequencing and found to be a circular genome 15,117 bp in length with a GC content of 34.3%. It is the largest mitogenome presently known in Stylommatophora, with the difference in size due primarily to intergenic regions and to a lesser extent to larger sizes of individual genes. Gene content is identical to that of other stylommatophorans, but differs in having the tRNA-Gln gene situated on the major coding strand. Gene order of C. incanum was similar to that in Helicidae, differing in the regions between COX1 and NADH5, and between tRNA-Ser2 and tRNA-Ile. The potential origin of replication was located in a 50-bp noncoding region between COX3 and tRNA-Ile. Phylogenetic analyses using Bayesian inference and maximum-likelihood analyses of nucleotide data for all protein-coding and large and small ribosomal genes resulted in a well-resolved tree. This tree was similar to trees derived from nuclear or a combination of nuclear and mitochondrial genes, differing from previous phylogenetic reconstructions based on mitogenomes in the placement of Hygrophila. The phylogenetic position of Cerionidae as sister taxon to Helicoidea is consistent with previous findings after allowing for more limited taxon sampling in the mitogenome tree. The mitogenome tree is sufficiently populated to refute the inclusion of Cerionidae in Clausiloidea, as advocated by some authors, but at present lacks the representatives of the Orthalicoidea or Urocoptoidea needed to resolve more precisely its relationships with those taxa”.


The last sentence of their abstract is intriguing, and in Leiden we had hoped to be able to contribute to this knowledge by supplying data from a Bulimulus and a Drymaeus species. However, the PCRs have failed and the project has been dropped.

González, V.L., Kayal, E., Halloran, M., Shresta, Y. & Harasewych, M.G., 2016. The complete mitichondrial genome of the land snail Cerion incanum (Gastropoda; Stylommatophora) and the phylogenetic relationships of Cerionidae within Panpulmonata. – Journal of Molluscan Studies: 1–9 (advance access doi:10.1093/mollus/eyw017).

Reproductive cycle in a Cerion species

To illustrate the statement in my previous post of the Cerionidae being well-studied, another paper by Suárez Torres (2015) may be mentioned.

“Gonads of 144 mature specimens of Cerion mumia chrysalis were examined. Between January-December, 2012 were collected 12 specimens per month. Two reproductive cycles were recognized, one from January to April, and another from July to September. Both male and female reproductive cells were observed inside the acini, which defines the species as hermaphrodite. During May-June and subsequently in October-November no follicular activity was observed. In December, the acini decreased notably in size”.


It is only by the interests of local malacologists that the biology of species, in this case a Cuban one, can be furthered.

Suárez Torres, A., 2015. Ciclo reproductivo de Cerion mumia chrysalis (Pulmonata: Stylommatophora: Cerionidae). – Solenodon 12: 21–27.

Phylogenetic relationships of Cerionidae

A recent paper by Harasewych et al. (2015) explores the phylogenetic relationships within the Cerionidae and its relations to other families. This makes this group one of the more well-studied Neotropical land snails since the work of Uit de Weerd and other recent publications by Harasewych and co-workers.

The new paper is summarized as follows: “Phylogenetic analyses of partial DNA sequences of the mitochondrial COI and 16S rDNA genes derived from Mexistrophia reticulata Thompson, 2011, the type species of the genus Mexistrophia, indicate that this genus is sister taxon to all remaining living Cerionidae, and that the family Cerionidae is most closely related to Urocoptidae. Relationships among representative cerionid taxa are consistent with the zoogeographic hypothesis that Mexistrophia has been isolated from the remaining living Cerionidae since the Cretaceous, and suggest that the near-shore, halophilic habitat that has commonly been associated with this family is likely a Cenozoic adaptation that coincided with the transition from continental to island habitats. The genus Protocerion is described to include the Late Cretaceous species Cerion acherontis Roth and Hartman, 1998, as its retention in Cerion would render this genus paraphyletic”.


Harasewych, .G., Windsor, A.M., Lopez-Vera, E. & Thompson, F.G., 2015. On the phylogenetic relationships of the genus Mexistrophia and of the family Cerionidae (Gastropoda: Eupulmonata). – The Nautilus 129: 156–162.

New fossil Cerion from Cuba

Fossil Cerionidae are getting more attention, with the recent paper of Harasewych on this subject. Suarez Torres (2015) has now described a new fossil Cerion species from eastern Cuba. The abstract of this paper in Spanish reads: “Cerion petreus sp. nov. is described on fossil state, with type locality at El Guanal, Punta de Maisí, Guantánamo province. This finding allows us to report the occurrence of this genus in Eastern Cuba since Pliocene to Lower Pleistocene”.


So far, only two fossil species were known. The discovery of this third species is thus a nice addition to our knowledge of this family, which is represented with more than 100 Recent taxa on this island.

Suarez Torres, A., 2015. Nueva especie fósil de Cerion Röding, 1798 (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Cerionidae) de Cuba Oriental. – Novitates Caribaea 8: 120–127.