Tag Archives: literature

Revised classification of gastropod names

Just published: the revised nomenclator and classification of gastropod families (and above) by Bouchet et al., 2017. It is an update of the first version, now more than 10 years ago, plus an addition of monoplacophoran families.

The abstract reads “2,604 names at the rank of subtribe, tribe, subfamily, family and superfamily have been proposed for Recent and fossil gastropods, and another 35 for monoplacophorans. All names are listed in a nomenclator giving full bibliographical reference, date of publication, typfication, and their nomenclatural availability and validity under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Another 790 names, established for categories above the family- group (infraorder to subclass) are listed separately. A fully ranked, hierarchical classification summarizes recent advances in the phylogeny of the Gastropoda and Monoplacophora. In all, the classification recognizes as valid a total of 721 gastropod families, of which 245 are known exclusively as fossils and 476 occur in the Recent with or without a fossil record; and 20 monoplacophoran families, of which 1 only occurs as Recent.

Nomenclatural acts in this work: Amberleya bathonica Cox & Arkell, 1950, fixed as type species of Amberleya J. Morris & Lycett, 1851, under Art. 70.3; Ampezzopleura tenuis Nützel, 1998, fixed as type species of Ampezzopleura Bandel, 1991, under Art. 70.3; Proserpina nitida G. B. Sowerby II, 1839, designated type species of Despoena Newton, 1891; Buccinum glabratum Linnaeus, 1758, designated type species of Dipsaccus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853; Murex ficus Linnaeus, 1758, designated type species of Ficula Swainson, 1835; Oncomelania hupensis Gredler, 1881, designated type species of Hemibia Heude, 1890; Murex metaxa Delle Chiaje, 1828, fixed as type species of Metaxia Monterosato, 1884 under Art. 70.3; Neridomus anglicus Cox & Arkell, 1950, fixed as type species of Neridomus J. Morris & Lycett, 1851, under Art. 70.3; Navicella clypeolum Récluz, 1843, designated type species of Orthopoma Gray, 1868; Trochus viadrinus M. Schmidt, 1905, fixed as type species of Parataphrus Chavan, 1954 under Art. 70.3; Helix pomatia Linnaeus, 1758, designated type species of Pentataenia A. Schmidt, 1855; Flammulina ponsonbyi Suter, 1897, fixed as type species of Phenacohelix Suter, 1892, under Art. 70.3; Cyrtolites corniculum Eichwald, 1860, fixed as type species of Pollicina Koken, 1895, under Art. 70.3; Purpurina elegantula d’Orbigny, 1850, designated as type species of Purpurina d’Orbigny, 1850, and lectotype of Turbo bellona d’Orbigny, 1850, designated as neotype of Purpurina elegantula; Pyramidella minuscula Monterosato, 1880, fixed as type species of Tiberia Jeffreys, 1884, under Art. 70.3; Cyclostoma delicatum Philippi, 1844, fixed as type species of Trachysma G. O. Sars, 1878, under Art. 70.3; Helix elegans Gmelin, 1791, fixed as type species of Trochoidea T. Brown, 1827, under Art. 70.3; Turritellopsis stimpsoni Dall, 1919, fixed as type species of Turritellopsis G. O. Sars, 1878, under Art. 70.3; Fusus averillii Gabb, 1864, fixed as type species of Volutoderma Gabb, 1876, under Art. 70.3; Voluta pepo Lightfoot, 1786, fixed as type species of Yetus Bowdich, 1822. Curnonidae d’Udekem d’Acoz, nom. nov., and Curnon d’Udekem d’Acoz, nom. nov., are established for Charcotiidae Odhner, 1926, and Charcotia Vayssière, 1906, (between 27 March and 1 May), non Charcotia Chevreux, 1906 (January) [Amphipoda]; Yuopisthonematidae Nützel, nom. nov., and Yuopisthonema Nützel, nom. nov., are established for Opisthonematidae Yu, 1976, and Opisthonema Yu, 1974, non Gill, 1862 [Pisces]. The new family-group name Burnupiidae Albrecht is established in this work; and the names Scolodontina and Orthalicoidei are first used here to denote, respectively, a suborder containing the family Scolodontidae, and an infraorder containing the superfamily Orthalicoidea”.

This important work will serve as a guide for the correct classification of higher levels in these groups, and also as a rich source for data. The references contain several collations providing publication dates for different parts of works.

Bouchet et al., 2017. Revised Classification, Nomenclator and Typification of Gastropod and Monoplacophoran Families. – Malacologia, 61 (1-2): 1-526.


Terrestrial snails on ABC islands

In the stream of end-of-year publications, Hovestadt & van Leeuwen (2017) just published an important overview of the land snails from Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao. The abstract reads “A review is given of the terrestrial malacofauna of Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao in the Dutch Caribbean. The most recent reviews of these islands were given in 1924 by Baker and in 1940 by Wagenaar Hummelinck. Wagenaar Hummelinck accepted fewer species and subspecies than Baker, without giving any arguments. Baker did give a detailed account making it possible to recognize his taxa in the eld. Genetic research by Harasewych in 2015 supported Baker’s views with regard to the genus Cerion. Figures are provided for most taxa so each can be identified. Helicina dysoni L. Pfeiffer, 1849, Leptinaria lamellata (Potiez & Michaud, 1835), and Polygyra cereolus (Megerle von Mühlfeldt, 1816) are reported here for the first time, Guppya molengraafi Baker, 1924 has been rediscovered”.

After an introduction dealing with geography, geology, climate and vegetation, the previous research on this group from the islands is discussed. The following systematical part gives data on the distribution followed by remarks, and an illustration of each species. This paper is a nice addition to earlier, recent papers on other islands in the Lesser Antilles.

Hovestadt, A. & van Leeuwen, S., 2017. Terrestrial molluscs of Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao in the Dutch Caribbean: an updated checklist and guide to identification. – Vita Malacologica, 16: 1-39.



Genetic structure in a Humboldtiana species

López et al. (2017) published about the genetic structure of a Humboldtiana species in north-western Mexico. The abstract reads “Phylogeographic studies of different montane biological groups in Mexico have revealed complex patterns in a broad scale but an absence of genetic structure within local mountain systems such as the Sierra Madre Occidental. In this study, we estimate the genetic structure and demographic history of the endemic land snail Humboldtiana durangoensis within this mountain range. Nine polymorphic microsatellite loci in 178 individuals from 16 localities throughout the complete geographic distribution were analyzed. Strong deviations from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium and low levels of heterozygosity were detected in the seven genetic clusters. The gene flow between two of the main geographic regions (North and South) was symmetric (~4 individuals). In addition, the analysis detected changes in the effective population size indicating that both geographic regions experienced a drastic reduction in their effective population size probably associated with the Pleistocene climatic changes”.

This is a specialised study but with an interesting methodology.

López, B. et al. , 2017. Strong genetic structure and signs of population bottlenecks in the land snail Humboldtiana durangoensis in the Sierra Madre Occidental of Western Mexico. – Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 55 (4): 288-297.

A new pest species in Brazil

Recently Teixeira et al. (2017) reported on the finding of a new introduced pest species in Brazil. “The Japanese land snail Ovachlamys fulgens is reported for the first time in Brazil. We recorded the species in 2015 and 2017 in the municipalities of Santos and São Vicente in the metropolitan region of Baixada Santista, São Paulo state, southeastern Brazil. We found the species in an urban park and in a secondary forest altered by exotic plants. As this species is considered a pest and is capable of transmitting disease to humans, we propose that urgent measures be taken by the Brazilian government to control its populations”.

Teixeira, L. et al., 2017. First record of the Japanese land snail Ovachlamys fulgens (Gude, 1900) (Gastropoda, Helicarionidae) in Brazil. – CheckList, 13 (5): 703–706. https://doi.org/10.15560/13.5.703

Bostryx voithianus rediscovered

Just published: a rediscovery of one of the very rare Bostryx species from the Chilean coast by Martínez (2017).

Bostryx voithianus (Pfeiffer, 1847) is reported, for the first time since its description, from northern Chile. In the original description, a particular type locality was not given for this species, but to it was described as collected in Chile by Thomas Bridges for the Hugh Cuming collection. Herein, the type locality is assigned to the Chilean Coastal Range between the places Cuesta La Arena (28.5721° S) and Quebrada Honda (29.5952° S), northern Chile”.

This paper gives a good overview of the historical background of the material collected by Bridges, and a useful indication of the localities. Only empty shells were collected, the challenge to check if the species is extant still exists.

Martínez, E., 2017. Rediscovery of Bostryx voithianus (Pfeiffer, 1847) (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) in northern Chile, with notes on the type locality. – CheckList, 13 (6): 1125-1129. https://doi.org/10.15560/13.6.1125

Protoglyptus luciae from Martinique

Recently a fourth Protoglyptus species, P. luciae (Pilsbry, 1897), has been reported from the Caribbean island of Martinique by Bertrand (2017). This species was found at three different localities relatively close together, mainly in secondary forest.

Bertrand, A., 2017. Protoglyptus luciae (Pilsbry, 1897) (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Bulimulidae) espèce nouvelle pour la faune de Martinique. – Folia conchyliologica, 43: 5-7.

Hispaniolan Weinlandipoma

Freshly pressed: a review by Thomas Watters of twenty Weinlandipoma species from Hispaniola, with description of seven new taxa: W. charybdis, W. corbis, W. formonense, W. gregoi, W. pruinosum, W. silmarilium, and W. tylotum. Species are distributed on either the Massif de la Hotte or the Massif de la Selle on the Tiburon Peninsula of the island. Most are locally endemic, often confined to a single mountain peak or slope or island. All are currently susceptible to extinction.

This is another sound contribution of Watters to the malacofauna of the Caribbean area.

Watters, G.T., 2017. A review of Weinlandipoma (Gastropoda, Littorinoidea, Annulariidae) from the Tiburon Peninsula of Hispaniola: imperiled local endemics. – Basteria, 81 (4-6): 65-89.