Just published: the bibliography of Louis Pfeiffer. “Carl Georg Ludwig Pfeiffer (1805–1877) was one of the most productive authors on (mainly non-marine) molluscs during the mid-19th century, describing an estimated 3,000 taxa. As a first step in making his legacy accessible, we present a bibliography of his malacological publications (452 items in total). His serial books and journal publications are listed separately, and we present a collation of the Malakozoologische Blätter and Malakozoologische Blätter: Neue Folge“.
The next step will be an inventory of all species described from the Cuming collection.
Neubert, E., Breure, A.S.H., Ablett, J.D. & Bank, R.A., 2020. The malacological contributions of Louis Carl Georg Pfeiffer (1805–1877): a bibliography, with a collation of the publication dates of the Malakozoologische Blätter. – Archiv für Molluskenkunde 149(1): 75-102.
Just published*: a paper on the type material present in the Brussels museum from Cousin, containing both species described by him and by Jousseaume.
“Type material is documented for 28 taxa described by Cousin and Jousseaume on the basis of material collected by Cousin in Ecuador. These taxa belong to 12 families (Achatinidae, Ampullariidae, Bulimulidae, Labyrinthidae, Lymnaeidae, Neocyclotidae, Orthalicidae, Planorbidae, Proserpinellidae, Scolodontidae, Solaropsidae, Succineidae). Type specimens and their labels are figured. In some instances, the specimen labels provide more precise locality information than the literature reference. Isomeria bourcieri var. lutea Cousin, 1887 is now considered a junior objective synonym of Isomeria bourcieri (L. Pfeiffer, 1853)“.
The paper is an advance-online publication, the correct pagination numbers will follow when it is published in the printed issue later this year. It is a forerunner for a paper on Ecuadorian non-marine molluscs where, together with co-authors, we are still working on.
*There may be some confusion about the publication date. ResearchGate picked up the title of this paper already a while ago when I still had to make my final corrections to the proofs. Both the editor and myself were wondering how that was possible, as I already received requests for the full-text via ResearchGate.
Breure, A.S.H., 2020. Type material of taxa described by Cousin and Jousseaume in the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels. – Folia Malacologica 28: 0-0 (advance online). https://doi.org/10.12657/folmal.028.005
Just published: a paper on Konrad Miller, giving a short biography and a list of described taxa. Most of his fossil material has been located, but for me the big question is: where is the Miller collection with Recent material from Ecuador?
The above label shows his handwriting, and can thus be a guidance for searches in museums. Likely in Germany, but I also probed the Salzburg collection (in vain!) as he bequeathed in later life his legacy to Salzburg University.
Any suggestions about his Ecuadorian material would be very helpful.
Breure, A.S.H. A little-known German naturalist: Konrad Miller (1844-1933) and his malacological contributions. Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 148 (2): 129-136.
This time attention for a recent paper about the history of malacology, with a sociological twist: Breure & Heiberger published a study about contacts between malacologists in the mid-19th century and applied network analysis on their data.
The abstract reads as follows:
This project is continued to span the period 1800-1920 in order to investigate the longitudinal development of the processes observed.
Breure, A.S.H. & Heiberger, R.H. Reconstructing science networks from the past: eponyms between malacological authors in the mid-19th century. – Journal of Historical Network Research, 3 (1): 92-117.
Hippolyte Crosse is for many malacologists a well-known name, but only limited information is until now published about his life and work. Just published: an extensive biography with data on his collection and his work for the Journal de Conchyliologie, his correspondents, an extended collation of this Journal for the years 1850-1900, an analysis of the subscribers to this Journal in the same period, a comparison with the German journal Malakozoologische Blätter, a collation of the molluscan parts of the Mission au Mexique et Guatemala (1870-1902), and a bibliography of Crosse’s publications.
We trust this will be useful for many malacologists, not only those interested in Neotropical snails.
Breure A. S. H. & Fontaine B., 2019. Joseph Charles Hippolyte Crosse (1826–1898) and his contributions to malacology: a biography and bibliography. Colligo, 2(3) [Hors Serie 1]. Link to online full-text
Just published: a chapter on the land snails of the Venezuelan Pantepui region. It is a slightly updated summary of what was published some years ago, while in the meantime only slight progress was made.
For the species reported hitherto from this area the taxonomy is summarised, and data on the ecology and biogeography is presented.
The rest of the book presents a lot of information on this interesting area of South America, both general and on the flora and fauna. The illustrations are plentiful and often spectacular.
Breure, A.S.H., 2019. Land snails: an updated summary: 247-261. — In: Rull, V., Vegas-Villarrúbia, T., Huber, O. & Señaris, C. (eds.) Biodiversity of Pantepui: the pristine ‘Lost World’ of the Neotropical Guayana Highlands. Academic Press, Cambridge
Just out today are two new papers, both related to the history of malacology and linked to one of the important malacologists of the second half of the 19th century, Hippolyte Crosse.
The first paper describes the letters which Henri Drouët sent to Crosse. Quoting the abstract “The correspondence between Henri Drouët (1829-1900) and Hippolyte Crosse (1826-1898) is presented, both as the original French text and in a modern English translation; annotations are provided for the context. The main features of these 53 letters are given, and an analysis is given of the relationships with other malacologists during the second half of the nineteenth century”. The correspondence shows, among others, how divided the malacological community was at that time between followers from Bourguignat (‘Nouvelle École’) and the rest.
The second paper looks on contacts bridging the Atlantic. Hippolyte Crosse has corresponded with many people all around the world during his editorship of the Journal de conchyliologie 1861 to 1898. From his correspondents in North America Thomas Bland and William Binney were his most important contacts, who sent him respectively 45 and 31 letters during 1863-1885. These letters are transcribed and reveal many exchanges of shells, anatomical data, but also give an impression of the wide group of American malacologists to which the two men had access. The publication date of the third livraison of the molluscan part of ‘Mission au Mexique et Guatemala’can be fixed before end of April 1873. The contacts between the three men may be best explained by closeness of friendship and scientific authority. The paper also reveals how Crosse played the role of middle-man between these American malacologists and e.g. Louis Pfeiffer in Germany.
Both papers can be downloaded via my Publications page.
Breure, A.S.H. & Hovestadt, A., 2019. Bridging the Atlantic: the correspondence of Thomas Bland and William Binney with Hippolyte Crosse, between 1863 and 1885. – Folia conchyliologica, 49: 3-54.
Breure, A.S.H. & Audibert, C., 2019. A candid view of relations between malacologists in the second half of the nineteenth century: the correspondence of Henri Drouët with Hippolyte Crosse. – Folia conchyliologica, 49: 55-95.
Freshly pressed: a new paper on the history of malacology, i.e. about the 19th Century Dutch cabinet collector H.C. Roeters van Lennep.
H.C. Roeters van Lennep was one of the most famous Dutch shell collectors during the mid-19th century, for whom we here present new and additional biographical information. His collection was auctioned in 1876, but so far only a limited amount of information has been published on this topic. The details of the auction are reconstructed on the basis of his correspondence with H. Crosse. Such new information provides an insight into who buyers were during the auction, which prices were realised, and where parts of the material ended up. There ap- pears to have been a second auction in 1879 where possibly a large part of the remainder of the first auction was sold.
Breure, A.S.H. & Backhuys, W. Herman Christiaan Roeters van Lennep (1820-1879) and the auction of his collection. – Spirula, 418: 10-16.
Freshly pressed: a new paper on the mysterious ‘Colonel Messager’ that is mentioned in the literature. This research was based on archival material in the Dautzenberg collection in Brussels, and the Messager material that is present in Paris.
The abstract reads: “We present a brief biography of Louis Gabriel Martin Messager, a French military who served in several French colonies during the last part of the 19th century and who is mentioned several time in the malacological literature as ‘Colonel Messager’. We present details on his collecting activities, also reflected in his correspondence to Bavay and Martel, and illustrated by some samples from his former collection. Also a list of eponyms is included”.
Unfortunately we have been unable to find a picture of Messager, hence his name remains somewhat mysterious in the end.
Breure, A.S.H. & Páll-Gergely, B., 2019. More than just a name: Colonel Messager and his correspondents. – Zoosystema, 41 (2): 7-19. Link
Lady-conchologists were a rare kind in the 19th century, and there are few documented collections of them, but recently a paper on Miss Linter appeared.
The abstract reads: “Miss J.E. Linter, an English lady-conchologist, originally came from Devon but spent most of her life in Twickenham, London. Her collection was started following her acquisition of the Theobald and Skinner collections and grew to some 15,000 shells. The collection is primarily of land snails from all parts of the world and contains primary and secondary type material of authors such as Sowerby, Gude, Möllendorff, Kobelt and Strebel and probably many others. She went on to amass a collection rich in species that are invaluable to taxonomic research and to wider biodiversity studies especially concerning conservation. Her collection is held at the Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter”.
Morgenroth, H. et al., 2018. The Miss J.E. Linter (1844-1909) collection of land snails in the Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter, England: a provisional assessment. – Colligo, 1 (2): 16 pp.