Tag Archives: publications

Tautonyms of Jousseaume

Just published: a paper on Jousseaume’s tautonyms by Leo van Gemert and myself.

We present a short biography of Félix-Pierre Jousseaume (12 April 1835-3 November 1921) and an addition to his bibliography. He published in total 138 malacological and 21 non-malacological articles or books. In the appendix additional references are listed in comparison with an earlier published preliminary bibliography. Jousseaume received many comments from other malacologists, especially for his tautonyms. Critical remarks from Weinkauff, Tryon, Woodward and Mellvill, and one comment from Jousseaume, are cited.

In total Jousseaume published 28 new species-level taxa as primary, absolute taunonyms (new genus and new species) and 24 secondary ones (22 with a new genus and 2 with a new species name). The virtual tautonyms (with almost identical genus and species names) are not discussed. However, for four taxa of Jousseaume it is unclear if the taxon is a tautonym or a virtual tautonym. In our view the problems were caused by carelessness of Jousseaume. These four taxa are discussed extensively and a conclusion is presented on the correct name. The results are shown in the tables with the original name (invariably the tautonym), source of the original name, and the present view on the taxon with the source and (explanatory) remarks”.

Reference:
Gemert, L.J. van & Breure, A.S.H., 2017. The tautonyms of Jousseaume: a taxonomical studt. – Folia conchyliologica, 42: 14-23.

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New paper

Some of you may recognise this: frustration when you can nowhere find the type specimen you are looking for. This was my feeling when back in the 1970s I travelled all the way to Dijon in France to look for the type material of species described by Henri Drouët from French Guiana and Martinique.

Sometimes you can solve it by selecting a neotype (but not if you haven’t crossed out all possibilities), or by letting the time work for you. This latter case is now described in a new paper where Backhuys and I report on the correspondence from Drouët to Crosse unveiling that these types were sold to Crosse in 1883. Having been integrated in Crosse’s personal collection, which was auctioned in 1899 after his death, this material has been dispersed to unknown collections and may be considered lost.

Reference:
Breure, A.S.H. & Backhuys, W., 2017. Type material of Drouët’s taxa described from French Guiana and Martinique. — Basteria 81: 24–26.

Three new papers

Today three new papers were published in the journal Folia conchyliologica.

The first paper is a formal publication of a paper for which a preprint was published end of last year. It deals with the hypothesis that eponyms given by an author denote an actual contact. This has been verified for some authors on the basis of available archive material. There is some evidence that the first eponym was given around the time of the first contact. The conclusion is that eponyms can be used as a proxy for contacts if contextual information is taken into account.

The second paper looks into the relationships of members of Bourguignat’s ‘Nouvelle École’, who published in the journals of the ‘Société malacologique de France’, with contemporary malacologists. Both eponyms used and positive or negative remarks about these colleagues have been analysed with social networks. The results are discussed from different points of view.

The last paper deals with the contribution of Alcide Paladilhe to malacology, including a bibliography and list of taxa. It includes a discussion of a recent paper by Boeters & Falkner, corrects some information on type material, and shows that a neotype designation made by them was unnecessary because the type material exists in the Paladilhe collection in Montpellier.

Reference:
Audibert, C. & Breure, A.S.H., 2017. The role of the Société malacologique de France for the Nouvelle École of Bourguignat: a historical network analysis. — Folia conchyliologica, 41: 13-22.
Breure, A.S.H., 2017. Reconstructing historical egocentric social networks in malacology: is there a link between eponyms and contacts of an author? — Folia conchyliologica, 41: 3-12.
Breure, A.S.H. & Audibert, C., 2017. Under the spell of Bourguignat: Alcide Paladilhe’s malacological work, with notes on his collection. — Folia conchyliologica, 41: 28-39.

 

Petit de la Saussaye

Just published: a study about Petit de la Saussaye, the founder of the Journal de conchyliologie in 1850. The paper gives a short biography, his bibliography, a list of his described taxa and some of his correspondence that was found in an archive.

Reference:
Breure, A.S.H. & Backhuys, W., 2017. Sauveur Abel Aubert Petit de la Saussaye (1792–1870), his malacological work and taxa, with notes on his correspondence. – Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 146: 71-96.

New Scutalus from Chile

Freshly published: a paper with the description of a new species from northern Chile. The species, of which only shells were collected, is tentatively assigned to the genus Scutalus. This genus is hitherto not recognised in Chile, but occurs more northern in the coastal area of Peru.

The abstract reads “A new species of Scutalus Albers, 1850 (Gastropoda: Bulimulidae), Scutalus chango sp. n., is described from a coastal area of northern Chile. Empty shells of this new species were found buried in sand and under boulders and rocks in the foothills of the Chilean Coastal Range at Paposo, Región de Antofagasta. This new species is distinguished from all other Chilean terrestrial snails by its slender shell with a flared and reflected aperture, and by the presence of a columellar fold. This is the first record of Scutalus in Chile, and the southernmost record for this endemic South American bulimulid genus. The presence of this species in Paposo highlights the need for further research and for conservation guidelines in coastal areas of northern Chile, which have comparatively high levels of biodiversity and endemism”.

Reference:
Araya, J.F. & Breure, A.S.H., 2017. A new terrestrial snail species (Gastropoda: Bulimulidae) from the Región de Antofagasta, northern Chile.  PeerJ 5: e3538 (11 p.).

Morelet and the Neotropics

Arthur Morelet (1809-1892) was a French amateur malacologist who has contributed much to malacology (nearly 100 publications, describing more than 700 taxa). He was one of the first malacologists who personally went on expedition to the Neotropics; a trip lasting more than a year during 1846-1848 which yielded nearly 150 new species collected on Cuba, and in Mexico and Guatemala. A few of these are illustrated below (scale: 5 mm).

The advantage of collecting in an unexplored area is indeed the reward to find many species new to science. But the legend above also shows one of the problems (possibly one of the least!) which Morelet faced: there was no Zoological Record or BHL mid-19th century, so there was a chance of introducing a name already used by someone else. Nevertheless, about 2/3 of the species described by Morelet from this expedition are still bearing his author name today.

In the 19th century not every author was able to give precise type localities; often they had to rely on information given by field collectors. So another advantage of collecting your own material: you knew where it had be found. Morelet, in many cases, gave (relatively) good locality data, but still described a number of species with a (relatively) imprecise locality; like “sylvis provinciae Vera-Paz”, a huge area.

As I had come across Morelet and his material for quite some years, I decided it was time to make an in-depth study of this man and his contributions to malacology. Since much of his type material has ended up in the London museum, Jonathan Ablett was willing to join me in this effort. And after more than 200 letters of Morelet became available, Cédric Audibert (Lyon) joined in as well. Together we are busy preparing a bio-bibliography with a list of taxa, illustrated with type material of as much taxa as possible. The transcription and translation of his correspondence will make it possible for the reader to get a much better idea of the life of a malacologist during the late 19th century. Currently we have located about 80% of his type material in several European and some American museums. The remaining taxa will be illustrated with reporductions from the original figures if these are available. Since Morelet started his career as a draftsman, he always paid special attention to the illustration of his papers.

To my surprise nobody has made an attempt to reconstruct the expedition of Morelet to the Neotropics, which brought him not only to the three countries mentioned above but also in Belize. Morelet was not only gifted with a special interest in malacology, but also in history and literature; his library had many travel accounts on its shelves. As Central America was largely unexplored in the 1840s, he published a few years after his taxonomic descriptions also a travel account of his own journey, aimed to a larger public, with many details on the geography and history of the areas visited. These two books allowed me, with some close reading, to reconstruct his trip.

One of the interesting things I discovered was the description of some species from areas, e.g. from eastern Cuba, which he apparently never visited. González Guillén (2014: 147) assumed that Morelet had confused the habours where his ship landed in eastern Cuba. However, from Morelet’s travel account it is clear that he never visited eastern Cuba. He must therefore have received the material from this area, on which he based his descriptions, from another person.

Our monograph is scheduled to appear during Spring 2018 as a book published by the Netherlands Malacological Society. The figures have been taken from a preliminary study which was just published (Breure, 2017).

References:
Breure, A.S.H., 2017. Een expeditie naar de Neotropen: reconstructie van Arthur Morelet’s reis naar Centraal Amerika, 1846-1848. – Spirula, 411: 4-11.[Dutch]
González Guillén, A., 2014. Polymita, the most beautiful land snail of the world. – [Miami]: Estévez & Associates, 359 pp.

New paper

This weekend a new paper was published related to the history of Neotropical malacology. It deals with three Polish naturalists who either collected in the Neotropics (Jelski, Stolczman) or received their material and published about it (Lubomirski).

Schermafbeelding 2017-04-02 om 08.48.45

The paper originated during my visit to Warschau in 2015, where I studied the Lubomirski collection. As we decided for the Archives of Natural History, we quickly learned that they would not publish to the underpinning data. These lists of new taxa and eponyms of the three persons is now available in an unabridged version at ResearchGate.