Tag Archives: types

A new Peruvian Sultana

Just published: a new Peruvian species of Sultana, published by two Spanish authors, Ahuir and Torres.
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The species is described from northern Peru, Dept. Piura, near Huancabamba on the border with Ecuador. Unfortunately the picture given is quite dark, but it shows the characteristic pink lip and the white inside of the aperture well enough. The holotype will be deposited in the Paris museum.
Thanks to Philippe Bouchet who sent me the paper.

Reference:
Ahuir Galindo, J. & Torres Alba, J.S., 2019. One new terrestrial gastropod species from Peru. – Malacologia Mostra Mondiale, 104: 3-4.

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New Cuban species

A while ago (December 2017) Espinosa et al. published a paper which only now surfaced. Its abstract is extremely short, even not mentioning the names of the new species they described. “A commented and illustrated catalog of 37 land an freshwater mollusks species from Cupeyal del Norte, Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, Guantánamo, Cuba, is presented, 18 of them are new records to the park and 8 are described as new species, and data’s about others land mollusks species of the Park are included”.

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The new taxa introduced are:

[Helicinidae:] Emoda poeyana

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[Annulariidae:] Diplopoma (Subannularia) mucaralense

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Annularisca (Annularella) haylerae

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[Urocoptidae:] Arangia humboldtiana

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Carcinostemma silvai

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[Achatinidae:] Obeliscus (Stenogyra) diegoi

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[Cepolidae:] Coryda thierryi

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Coryda carabelloi

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Reference:
Espinosa J., Herrera-Uría J. & Ortea J., 2017. Moluscos terrestres y fluviales del Sector Cupeyal del Norte, Parque Nacional Alejandro de Humboldt, Guantánamo, Cuba, con la descripción de nuevas especies. – Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias, 29: 61-110.

Land snail holotypes in the IES, Havana

More and more institutions are making their holdings of type material available, either through publications or on the web. This is very useful as it greatly helps researchers to find the original material which may be needed for comparison.

Hernández Q. et al. have recently made an addition. “We present the first list of holotypes of terrestrial molluscs housed in the collection of the Institute of Ecology and Systematics, Cuba. The majority of holotype specimens come from collections belonging to Miguel L. Jaume, Oscar L. Alcalde, Alfredo de la Torre and Raúl P. Guitar. The type material of the collection has 66 taxa including species and subspecies. The genera represented in this type collection are Liguus, Farcimen, Cerion, Cryptelasmus, Idiostemma, Cubadamsiella and Opisthosiphon”.

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Although it is unfortunate that no pictures of these holotypes are included, which would eliminate the need for (possibly difficult) inquiries, the listing may be applauded as a first step.

Reference:
Hernández Q., M, et al., 2018. Catalogue of holotypes of terrestrial molluscs (Mollusca, Gastropoda) of the Institute of Ecology and Systematics, Havana, Cuba. – Poeyana, 507: 44-49.

New Idiostemma from Cuba

It is described the new species Idiostemma frankei into the subgenus Maceo Pilsbry & Vanatta 1898, with type locality at Farallones de Moa, on the northeastern region of Holguín province. For diagnosis were used conchological characters, that make it different from the rest of species into this genus because have whorls almost flattened or plane and semitransparent, with fine ribs on surface of shell. Columella with well-developed lamellae on “S” form, ornamented by ribs like cords that crossing on upper part on both side of the wall, give striated appearance”.

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The holotype is in the Instituto de Ecologia y Sistemática, CZACC8.1.302.

Reference:
Fernández, A. & Suárez, A., 2018. New species of Idiostemma Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1898 (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Urocoptidae) from the eastern Cuban region. – Poeyana, 507: 40-43.

New Bunnya species from Mexico

Mexican papers are plentiful this moment, but I am sure it is coincidental…

Just published, a paper by a mixed Mexican-Costa Rican author team, whose abstract reads as follows: “We describe a new helicoidean semi-slug based on morphological and molecular evidence. The new species belongs to the genus Bunnya and is described from a small agricultural area in Zinacantepec, San Juan de las Huertas, México. The genus Bunnya is externally similar to Xanthonyx, another Helicoidea genus; both genera have similar shell and body form, and both have a tail horn. Internally, Bunnya is similar to Humboldtiana, since both have dart-sacs (3 in Bunnya, 3−4 in Humboldtiana) surrounding the vagina, two dart-bulbs associated with each dart sac, and a gland number similar to the dart-sacs number. Four adult specimens of Bunnya metli n. sp. were dissected and compared with the two described species: B. bernardinae from Cuajimalpa, México City, and B. naranjoe from Sierra de Manantlan, Jalisco. Bunnya metli n. sp. is characterized by: very closely-spaced radial riblets (about 23 per mm) crossed by fine spiral wavy threads on the embryonic whorls; unfused glands inserted on the vagina above the dart-sacs and only one dart per sac; a short, swollen penis with a large spherical verge about half the penis size; an elongated bursa copulatrix with a slight constriction in the middle; a long bursa copulatrix duct; and dart sacs with a muscular pad within the vaginal lumen, surrounding the basal part of the genitalia. We performed a phylogenetic analyses using data from fragments of 16S rRNA mtDNA and 28S rRNA genes from one of the collected specimens, as well as other helicoidean sequences from GenBank. Our analyses support the membership of Bunnya metli n. sp. in Xanthonychidae. This suggests that the taxonomic position of Bunnya in Humboldtianidae or Xanthonychidae warrants reevaluation”.

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This appears to be a very well-executed study on this novelty, which also question the familiar placement of the species. No other Bunnya species have been sequenced, while only two taxa of the Xanthonychidae are currently included in GenBank. Further research may solve this situation.

Reference:
Araiza-Gómez, V. et al., 2019. A new species of the genus Bunnya H.B. Baker, 1942 (Helicoidea) from Mexico. – Malacologia, 62 (2): 237-246.

New Drymaeus from Peru

Just published: a paper on Peruvian Drymaeus species with description of a new species by Mogollón & Breure.

The abstract reads: “Critical remarks are made on Drymaeus species, reported from Peru in a study on land snails from National Parks at the eastern side of the Andes. Four of these species (Dry­maeus multilineatus, D. coniformis, D. glaucostomus, all known from Venezuela or Central America, and D. geomet­ricus, known from Colombia) appear to be misidentified as Peruvian species, which thus may lead to incorrect biogeographical interpretations. Correct identifications are given for all the disputed Drymaeus species. Bulimulus (Bulimu­lus) inconspicuus F. Haas, 1949, is now transferred to Dry­maeus (Mesembrinus). Additionaly, a new species, Drymae­us (Drymaeus) verecundus Breure & Mogollón, is described”.

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The new species was found near Iquitos in NE Peru, and the type material has been deposited in the Brussels and Leiden museums.

Reference:
Mogollón, V. & Breure, A.S.H., 2019. Notes on Drymaeus species from Peru (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Bulimulidae), and description of a new species. – Basteria, 83: 13-18.

Belize land snails

A new book by Dourson et al. on the non-marine malacofauna of Belize is a peculiar case, which shows that privately publishing a book including new taxa might be a tricky case.

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The non-marine malacofauna of Mexico and Central America is seemingly well-known through the work of the late Fred G. Thompson. His checklist, of which the final version appeared in 2011, listed all the currently accepted (sub)species and synonyms known from that area. It was a major milestone after the previous works by Crosse & Fischer’s Mission au Mexique et Guatemala, …Mollusques (1870-1902) and Von Martens’ molluscan part of the Biologia Centrali-Americana (1890-1901). Thompson’s publication, listing ca. 1250 taxa for this enormous area, stated that this number possibly only reflects one third of the actual malacofauna, due to the fact that most countries have only partially been surveyed for molluscs. 

Dourson et al. have concentrated on Belize, a relatively small country which borders southern Mexico and Guatemala. During the period 2006-2016 they surveyed all the seven physiographic regions of the country. And where Thompson only listed 24 species they enumerate 158 in total, of which 17 newly described in this book, with three others recently described in journals and a further eight still not formally described. This constitutes an increase of 658% for the biodiversity of non-marine snails in this country!

The authors have set up this book in such a way that it is aimed for a broad public, both scientists and laymen. After the introductory chapter, two chapters are dealing with general information on land snails and the value of snails in ecosystems respectively. The next chapter ‘Collecting and Identifying Land Snails’ also explains the organisation of the book. Chapters 5-12 treat land snails according to their shape and size, followed by a chapter on slugs and one on freshwater snails. The final chapter is dealing with exotic snails occurring in Belize. The book is concluded by a glossary, a species list per family, a bibliography, and an index of scientific names.

The first version of this book (Dourson et al., 2018a) was unintentionally published while the authors were still updating the text on the basis of reviews they had asked to specialists. Nevertheless, the book was distributed by several commercial companies, and the new species descriptions are thus validly available according to the International Code on Zoological Nomenclature. This date was 10 January 2018; the final, ‘official’ version came out just before Christmas on 21 December (Dourson et al., 2018b). 

The ‘unofficial’ first version was based on old classifications for several families (e.g., Orthalicidae contained both Orthalicus [Orthalicidae] and Bulimulus and Drymaeus [Bulimulidae]; no distinction was being made between Urocoptidae and Epirobiidae; Subulinidae were not included in Achatinidae). The classification of Ampullariidae is not in accordance with the authoritative papers of Cowie. In June 2018, after receiving a further draft of the book, I send a long list with additional comments to the authors. Thus it is regrettable that this version was published at all. Unfortunately part of the suggested corrections were not applied (e.g., p. 11: Morlet’s crocodile should be Morelet’s crocodile; p. 26: the ‘escargot’ of the French is not Cornu aspersum but Helix pomatia; p. 227: the correct name for the species is Brachypodella speluncae (L. Pfeiffer, 1852), and the syntype figured on p. 226 is Cylindrella costulata Morelet, 1851 [Pfeiffer’s name being a replacement name for this junior homonym]). Some figures have been updated and the list of references is somewhat extended but still contains typos and flaws, while recent literature on several groups are missing.

The following new species have been described (publication date thus January 2018), with the holotypes deposited in the Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville:

Family Helicinidae: Lucidella caldwelli
(Note that since authorship has not been restricted, Caldwell is co-author of his own eponym)

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Family Bulimulidae: Drymaeus tzubi
(N.B. in this version incorrectly classified as belonging to Orthalicidae)

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Family Spiraxidae: Euglandina fosteri

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Family Spiraxidae: Pseudosubulina juancho

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Family Spiraxidae: Rectaxis breweri

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Family Achatinidae: Opeas marlini
(N.B. in this version still under the family Subulinidae)

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Family Achatinidae: Leptopeas corwinii
(N.B. in this version still under the family Subulinidae)

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Family Achatinidae: Lamellaxis matola
(N.B. in this version still under the family Subulinidae)

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Family Achatinidae: Leptinaria doddi
(N.B. in this version still under the family Subulinidae)

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Family Urocoptidae: Brachypodella levisa

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Family Thysanophoridae: Thysanophora meermani

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Family Scolodontidae: Miradiscops striatae

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Family Scolodontidae: Miradiscops youngii

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Family Scolodontidae: Miradiscops bladensis

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Family Charopidae: Rotadiscus saqui

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Family Charopidae: Chanomphalus angelae

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Family Ferussaciidae: Cecilioides dicaprio

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This book is an extremely nice contribution to our knowledge of the Central American malacofauna. It is suitable both for both the ‘serious’ malacologist and for a layman, thanks to the very accessible way the book was designed. But, as the authors communicated to me, the prime audience is the general public. The lay-out will appeal to this target group, although the silly cartoons could be missed without making the book less informative.

As far as I know, the authors are now giving workshops to people in Belize to bring this fauna more to their attention. They will also develop a laminated snail card for quick identifications in the field. All this sounds as wonderful initiatives.

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Update: The final version of the book came meanwhile available, and this post has been updated. It is unfortunate that the authors have not grasped the opportunity to correct some of the errors in Thompson’s checklist and that the classification is not up-to-date. It is clear that the first, unofficial version will become a collector’s item for bibliophiles!

References:
Dourson, D.C., Caldwell, R.S. & Dourson, J.A., 2018a. Land snails of Belize, Central America. A chronicle of remarkable diversity and function. — Goatslug Publications, Stanton, Kentucky, U.S.A. Hardcover, 338 pp. ISBN 978 0999 802304. [no longer available]

Dourson, D.C., Caldwell, R.S. & Dourson, J.A., 2018b. Land snails of Belize, Central America. A chronicle of remarkable diversity and function. — Goatslug Publications, Stanton, Kentucky, U.S.A. Softcover, 339 pp. ISBN 978 0999 802311. € 69.